Press brakes are one of the most widely used pieces of machinery found in machine shops and factories, used for bending sheet and plate metal into various shapes and angles. They are used for a variety of applications, from creating brackets and forming parts for the automotive and aerospace industries, to creating specialty items for food service and medical industries. So, how exactly do these press brake machines work? Here is an overview of the basic operations of press brakes, and what they are capable of.
Electric Motor and Hydraulic System
The press brake machine has both an electric motor and a hydraulic system. The electric motor provides the power necessary to move the bending head, while the hydraulic system provides the necessary pressure and power to the upper and lower bending tools, allowing them to move and bend the metal into the desired shape. The pressure and power are then regulated using the control panel.
Bending Head and Clamping System
The bending head is the movable portion of the machine and contains both the upper and lower bending tools. The clamping system is used to hold the metal in place while it is being bent. This is accomplished by two sets of clamps, one for the top of the metal, and one for the bottom. This ensures that the metal is being held securely and prevent any distortion of the metal during the bending process.
Once the metal is secured and the bending tools are in place, the operator can then set the desired pressure and power levels and start the machine. The bending head is then moved along the guides while the upper and lower bending tools press and clamp the metal, forming it into the needed shape. The entire process is monitored through the control panel and can be adjusted as needed for each operation.
Press brake machines are used in a wide range of industries to create parts and components for various applications. Their ability to bend sheet and plate metal makes them an invaluable tool for forming items such as:
- Brackets and support structures – Often used to reinforce parts and items that need extra strength and support.
- Medical components – Used to form items such as surgical tools, prosthetic limbs, and implants.
- Architectural designs – Used to form exterior panels, trusses, and other items for buildings and homes.
- Automotive and aerospace designs – Parts and components used to construct aircraft, cars, and other vehicles.
Press brake machines are an incredibly useful piece of machinery and can make quick work of forming sheet and plate metal into the desired shapes and angles. There are also a variety of features available for the machines that make them even more efficient and accurate, such as a programmable control system or a variable bending angle tool, to enable increased productivity and better part accuracy.
In the end, press brake machines are an invaluable piece of equipment, capable of creating components and parts for a variety of industries in a quick and efficient manner. With the advancements in technology, the machines are only getting better, capable of producing more accurate parts in shorter amounts of time.